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Middle & High School Library: Research Process

Colegio Roosevelt: The American School of Lima, Peru

Our Research Process

Step 1: Define your research question and locate the sources you will need

Define the information problem What am I trying to find out? What do I want to know?
Identify information needed What information will give me answers?
Determine all possible sources  What kinds of sources will have the information I need?
Select the best types What are the benefits and limitations of these sources?
Locate sources (See "FIND INFORMATION" tab) What keywords and search strategies will get me helpful results?

Step 2: Evaluate your sources and analyze what you find out

Apply the C.R.A.A.P test to evaluate the source Current? Relevant? Authoritative? Accurate? Purpose?
Analyze the information What are its benefits? Limitations? 

See this Site Evaluation video

Step 3: Organize information and Synthesize (understand) how it all fits together to answer your question

Engage by reading, hearing, experiencing Extract relevant information (Take good notes!)
Organize information from various sources Read and understand and apply to your question/ topic

(See below: "Read, Think, Shrink" & "Common Errors" for notetaking tips)

Step 4: Present the information purposefully and ethically by citing sources

Determine the best way to present the information  Consider your audience & purpose (essay? podcast? outline? video?)
Cite ideas and images that are not your own  See Citing tab for help

Step 5: Reflect on your Process and your final Product

Reflect on your Process How efficient were you? What worked and what didn't?
Reflect on your Product How effectively does the final product answer your question?

Our standards combine the American Library Association, NET-S standards, and The Big Six

MSHS Library Databases and Passwords

Organize & Synthesize: Common Errors to Avoid

  • Writing straight from source to draft
  • Copy-pasting - "I'll paraphrase later"
  • Writing down things you don't understand
  • Not keeping track of the source

See: Acceptable Paraphrasing

Note-taking Templates

These will force copies!

All of these keep your source, quoted material, and paraphrase together

Mr. GL's Grid Style Notes: Put your source once and create a new note for each fact from that source

Category Style Notes: Organize your notes according to categories as you find information

Digital Note Cards: Fill in the cards and organize later by cutting and sorting

Cornell Notes: Track the key points as you go

Visual Notetaking

Video: Visual Notetaking and Examples




Locate Information: Search Strategies

Evaluate Sources: Rate the quality of these

Note-taking Videos


Mistral System

What to listen for when sketchnoting

Article HERE